FIREARM OVERLOAD Campus and School Security
CAMPUS / SCHOOL Security Concepts
Parents Teachers Students read this, then rate your own campus
I have no answers for the human part of the equation when violence occurs other than Observation and Lock the Gear up!
UPDATE: 2018 the Secret Service has new information
PER Sources ie Govt. There were 4 school shootings in 2017. There are 98,200 public schools with a total of 50.7 million students will attend public elementary and secondary school.
Based on the stats above. A school shooting by percent is .0040% or Schools are 99.6 % Safe. Shooting per student is very low at .0000079%
Are school shootings being used as propaganda? No doubt any child being killed is not good, the chances are very low. Seems social media and News media hypes up the interest.
Secret Service Report on School Shootings 2002
10 Yr Study on School Shootings Official Reports Columbine Co, VA Tech
“Before Columbine, SWAT never practiced for this type of event”, School and Law enforcement were lacking plans.
What Trends are evident:
Many telltale signs were missed by many
Police are responding within 5 minutes
Multiple firearms are present
4 out of 5 Criminals kill themselves
Multiple Mag changes were required
regardless of 10 or 30 rd
Avg 160 Rounds fired (about 1 shot per 2 seconds)
Compare to 1 second or less for a ‘C’ Class Shooter
Some victims shot more than 2 times
Survivors either played dead or exited the area
Mental state is suspect in 5 out of 5 cases
No guarantee an Officer on Site will deter
In Maryland the new Gun Bill SB281 only has $25 million for school security.
A new bill for 2018 has more funding for SRO and Building Security.
About $18,000 per school. Yet basic MAN TRAP for entry and exit control is – An automatic mantrap system can range from $15K (installed) to around $25K for that same system with tailgate monitoring. Pre-fabricated automatic door systems are priced about $75K to $100K installed.
Using smaller school districts actual cost for security upgrades, since most schools were built before 1995, will cost $178 per pupil or 154 million dollars. Hand-held Metal detectors are cheap insurance at $100 to $200. Walk through Systems start at $5,000
Maryland Public School Statistics
Maryland Public Schools: 1,424
Number of Students: 869,113
Maryland Elementary Schools: 866
Maryland Middle Schools: 240
Maryland High Schools: 237
These louvers perform two functions. A heat barrier from the sun.
A protection cover. Simple to retrofit to schools. Beneficial for the environment.
Savings in energy could cover the cost.
ACTIVE SECURITY CONCEPTS
These technology components can be used to enhance building security:
• Phones in every instructional and support area
• Building-wide all-call system that can be heard throughout the school and on playing fields
• Motion or infrared detectors, which can be configured to conserve lighting costs
• Smoke and heat detectors located throughout the building
• Wiring for CCTV in all hallways, offices, classrooms and parking area
• Access control cards that also can be used as identification cards.
• Panic buttons in all rooms
• Mechanized lock-down doors that are supported by back-up power source
• Securable lobby area
• Sound-detection system
• Electronic student-identification system
Types of Building Materials
• Use durable wall surfaces that are easy to clean so graffiti can be removed
• Incorporate pitched roofs that inhibit roof entry and are aesthetically pleasing
• Limit size of windows: use multiple smaller windows rather than one large window
• Use safety glass or glass bricks
• Glaze or tint windows
• Avoid blind spots, corners, and cub holes (inside or outside)
• Ensure administrative and teacher preparation areas offer good visual contact with major circulation and gathering areas (i.e., corridors, cafeteria/ gymnasium, bus drop-off, parking)
• Develop spatial relationships with natural transitions from one location to another
• Design restrooms that balance the need for privacy with the ability to supervise
• Locate areas likely to have significant after-school community use close to parking areas
• Ensure these areas can be closed off from the rest of the building
• Provide for natural integration of students and staff
• Design external exits from offices
• Provide ability to partition unused portions of the building
• Avoid easy access to roofs
Vehicular and Pedestrian Traffic
• Separate bus drop-off area from other vehicular traffic
• Separate staff and community parking areas
• Separate student pedestrian traffic flow
• Require visitor parking passes, student parking stickers, and staff stickers for ID
• Use Bollards to keep vehicles from penetrating the building
• Protect playgrounds from vehicular traffic and parking
Landscaping, Playing and Practice Fields, Site, and Lighting
• Use high trees and low bushes (less than three feet high) to deter hiding
• Use aesthetically pleasing fencing around the perimeter of the building
• Place some buildings or a tree buffer along the perimeter of the property to avoid extensive fencing, where feasible
• Add non-intrusive lighting to all areas and emergency lighting/power in hallways, stairwells, and classrooms
• Provide security lighting around the building and parking lots with photocell timer (on/off capacity)
• Recess building on site if possible to avoid vehicular and pedestrian conflicts