Please call 911 immediately if you are having chest pain, difficulty breathing, severe bleeding, sudden weakness or numbness.
Non Life threatening injuries happen all the time. (9,335 per 100,000 pop)
Our Sport has a very low injury rate, but none the less, things can happen. Unintentional firearm discharge(5.61 per 100,000 pop) , dropping a heavy metal plate on a person’s foot, crushing a finger, breaking a leg or arm because of falling due to a prop brace, tripping, etc. A few things to ponder when you go to the range.
STOP AND ASK YOURSELF-
1) Know the address of the range and nearest town in case of emergency.?
2) Have access to a first aid kit.? With Quik Clot. or clotting factor?
3) Communication link work, cell or land line.?
4) Updated CPR and Basic First Aid Skills.?
First line of defense is YOU, then Your Buddy, Then your Group. You will be at minimum 10/15 minutes from EMS response.
MEDI QUIK CARDS
– GUNSHOT WOUND, CUTS, PUNCTURES
Stay Safe. If you are not the victim, practice universal precautions (wash hands, or sanitizer, gloves, mask) and wear personal protective equipment if available.
Call 911 Do not move the victim unless his or her safety is in jeopardy.
Reassure person, keep them calm
Follow basic first aid. If the victim is unconscious but breathing, keep the airway open and clear. If the victim is not breathing, begin CPR.
Control any bleeding. USE QUIK CLOT, USE PRESSURE. Keep pressure on.
Seal gunshot wounds to the chest with some type of plastic to keep air from being sucked into the wound. (seal 3 sides) Let conscious victims sit or lie in a position most comfortable for them. Gauze with Vaseline will work. Plastic Zip lock bag, etc.
Unconscious victims should be placed in the recovery position.
Do not elevate legs to treat for shock if the gunshot wound is above the waist. Gunshot wounds to the abdomen and chest will bleed more quickly once the legs are elevated, making it harder for the victim to breathe.
Do not give the victim anything to eat or drink, including water.
– BROKEN BONES
Stay Safe! Follow universal precautions.
If the foot or hand at the end of the injured extremity is cold or blue, call 911 immediately!
Do NOT straighten the extremity.
Stabilize the extremity. Use padding / cardboard & tape to keep it immobile.
Put ice on the injury. Never put the ice directly on the skin – put it in a bag first. After holding ice on the injury for about 20 minutes, take it off for 20 minutes.
Anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen (motrin) or naproxen (Alieve) will help with pain.
Elevate the extremity to reduce swelling.
If 911 was not called, seek medical assistance for additional pain relief and further evaluation of the injury.
HEAD INJURY – CONCUSSION
Has unconsciousness, loss of memory about the injury, or a seizure occurred? CALL 911
Are any of the following present?
bleeding from eyes, ears or mouth
change in behavior
fluid draining from nose
irregular breathing or heart rate
If yes to any of the previous, CALL 911
ASK the following questions to check :
What is your name?
What happened to you?
What day is it?
What did you eat for breakfast?
What caliber do you shoot?
Check the person’s airway, breathing, and circulation. If necessary, CPR.
If the person’s breathing and heart rate are normal but the person is unconscious, treat as if there is a SPINAL INJURY. Stabilize the head and neck by placing your hands on both sides of the person’s head, keeping the head in line with the spine and preventing movement. Wait for medical help.
Stop any bleeding by firmly pressing a clean cloth on the wound. If the injury is serious, be careful not to move the person’s head. If blood soaks through the cloth, DO NOT remove it. Place another cloth over the first one.
If you suspect a skull fracture, DO NOT apply direct pressure to the bleeding site, and DO NOT remove any debris from the wound. Cover the wound with sterile gauze dressing.
If the person is vomiting, roll the head, neck, and body as one unit to prevent choking. This still protects the spine, which you must always assume is injured in the case of a head injury. (Children often vomit ONCE after a head injury. This may not be a problem, but call a doctor for further guidance.)
Apply ice packs to swollen areas.
– Heart Attack
Symptoms in adults may include:
Usually in the center of the chest
Lasts for more than a few minutes or comes and goes
May feel like pressure, squeezing, fullness
Pain may be felt in other areas of the upper body, such as the jaw, shoulder, one or both arms, back, and stomach area
SHORT OF BREATH
Have the person sit down, rest, and try to keep calm.
Loosen any tight clothing.
Ask if the person takes any chest pain medication for a known heart condition.
Help the person takes the medication (usually nitroglycerin, which is placed under the tongue).
If the pain does not go away promptly with rest or within 3 minutes of taking nitroglycerin, call for emergency medical help.
ASK (911 Operator) if ASPIRIN 325 mg can be chewed.
If the person is UNCONSCIOUS and unresponsive, call 911, then begin CPR.
Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body.
Sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech.
Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, or loss of balance or coordination
Sudden severe headache with no known cause.
Any of these call 911
Follow the ABC. Pay close attention to the victim’s airway; stroke victims have difficulty controlling their own airways.
Raise the victim’s head. Raising the head helps decrease the pressure on the brain inside the skull.
RECON – RANGE EMERGENCY CARD ON NOTICE
AN EXAMPLE OF INFORMATION NEEDED ON A CARD DISPLAYED AT THE RANGE:
This card will satisfy three out of four First Respond-er issues:
Emergency NUMBER: 911
RANGE LOCATION: ADDRESS, CITY STATE ZIP
NEAREST CROSS STREET:
FIRST AID KIT LOCATIONS:
Quik Clot Available/ LOCATION:
CELL PHONE ACCESS: Yes/No
Nearest Land Line Location:
NEAREST MED EVAC LANDING AREA
AN EXAMPLE OF INFORMATION NEEDED ON A CARD FOR INDIVIDUALS
IECON – INDIVIDUAL EMERGENCY CARD ON NOTICE
To be carried on person, wallet, or range bag.
ICE: NAME #
First Aid Courses:
Everyone should take a basic First Aid and CPR Course.
Contact: American Red Cross, American Heart Association, or Local Hospital/EMS
RANGES – ACTION PLAN
1) Conduct an audit:
Can a person figure out where they are located?
Are there first aid kits, Quik Clot?
Communications? land line / Cell ?
2) PURCHASE Quik Clot / and First AID materials
3) CREATE RECON and DISPLAY at Range
Inform Members of location via newsletter, meetings, web
4) ENCOURAGE members to create IECON cards
5) MOCK DRILLS – RANGE MASTERS, RO’s
Should get together for a yearly, 2 HR, mock drill. SIMULATE CPR, Wound care / bleeding, Sucking Chest, Broken Limbs, Head injury
6) RANGE RELEASE FORM – Needs to be addressed.
This will put in writing the risks that are present, and that Death or injury can occur.
NIH MEDLINE –
MAYO CLINIC –
American Red Cross-
I AM NOT A DOCTOR. I was trained since the late 70’s for CPR, Basic First Aid (YMCA Swimming) In the 80’s Swimming, and 1990. when my daughter was born. (red cross, Infant, Child Adult CPR and First Aid)